The Border of Campione d'Italia
     
This site is about some of the bordermarkers of the Italian exclave Campione d'Italia, situated on the eastern shore of Lago di Lugano in Ticino, Switzerland.  
     
Where are we?
     

Campione d'Italia is a few kilometers north of the most southern tip of Switzerland near the town Chiasso. Campione is sovereign Italian territory, but completely surrounded by Swiss territory. This situation is sometimes referred to as Campione being an Italian exclave within Switzerland.

For more information on Campione d'Italia, see:
www.campioneitalia.com

Other wellknown European exclaves are:
Büsingen am Hochrhein
Llívia
Baarle-Hertog - Baarle-Nassau

For more information on exclaves and borders in general, see for example:

Arif Samad's Geographical Curiosities Page
Great Central European Border Expedition 2001
Jan Krogh's GeoSite
Enclaves of the world

or, for an extensive link collection and other interesting information, see:
groups.yahoo.com/group/BoundaryPoint/

The following maps show the area of interest.

 
 
Topographic map of Campione d'Italia. Detail of the southern part of Campione d'Italia, with some bordermarkers annotated.  
     

The border of Campione d'Italia was defined in the "Übereinkunft vom 5. Oktober 1861 zwischen der Schweiz und Italien betreffend Festlegung der Grenze zwishen der Lombardei und dem Kanton Tessin an einigen Orten, wo dieselbe streitig ist" (source: Bereinigte Sammlung der Bundesgesetze und Verordnungen/BS, Bd. 11, page 87 ff, especially Elfter Anstand, page 99 ff).

Note that the Übereinkunft vom 5. Oktober 1861... mentions only 14 bordermarkers, whereas the border today consists of 17 numbered main markers, and in addition some intermediate bordermarkers (numbered 11A, 12A etc). Any information on other treaties regulating the border of Campione d'Italia is most appreciated. Please mail any references to mats@enclaves.org.

A copy of the three pages of the critical Elfter Anstand of the said treaty can be found in the following pictures (German facsimile).

The Elfter Anstand (Eleventh Article) is a description of the border of Campione d'Italia, starting at bordermarker number 1 to the north and ending at bordermarker number 14.


 
Elfter Anstand, page 1 Elfter Anstand, page 2 Elfter Anstand, page 3
     
     
Borderwalk
     
Please join us on a walk along the southern part of the Campione border, starting at bordermarker number 17 and ending at bordermarker number 10.

If you have an interest in the little known sport of borderwalking, do not miss the master of all borderwalkers at De Grenspalen van Nederland.
 
     
Marker 17
     
Marker 17 is beautifully set in a small garden belonging to the chapel to the west of the road. The marker stands a few metres away from the actual shoreline. From marker 17 there is a narrow passage to the south of the churchyard that leads up to the road and marker 16.
     
 
Marker 17 as seen from the shoreline, looking east toward marker 16 (not seen in the picture). Marker 17, close-up.  
     
Marker 16
     
Marker 16 stands southeast of the chapel immediately west of the road. The marker is clearly seen from the road if one knows what to look for.
     
 
Marker 16, looking south along the border toward the Gate of Campione. Marker 16, looking north along the road into Campione.  
     
Markers 15
     
Marker 15 seems to be actually two markers, neither distinguished in the traditional fashion like "15A", "15B" etc. But the markers are quite different in appearance, one being a bronze plaque set into the street and the other a traditional cut stone.

The entry to Campione is clearly announced by the Campione Gate that stands on Campione territory. Immediately south of it is a brick line in the road that closely follows the border.
     
Markers 15, as seen from Swiss territory looking into Campione. There seem to be two markers with the number 15, as shown by arrows in the picture. Close-up of Marker 15 (west), a bronze plaque set into the plaster on the west side of the street. Close-up of Marker 15 (east), standing next to the wall immediately east of the street.
     
Marker 14
     
Marker 14 is at the southeast corner of Campione, where the border makes a sharp turn forming almost a right angle. The road ends in a parking place, and from there it is only a short walk along a footpath to the bordermarker.
     
 
Marker 14 is immediatelty to the left of the red-and-white metal sign. The stone in the background marks the border between the Swiss municipalities Arogno and Bissone. Marker 14, close-up.  
     
Marker 13
     
Marker 13 was a little difficult to get to due to terrain obstacles, and so could not be photographed on this expedition. The following image comes from a reliable source, and is alleged to emanate from an earlier expedition undertaken by another party.
     
   
Marker 13 appears to be a wooden pole painted in yellow and red.    
     
Marker 12A
     
Marker 12 is actually a pair, made up of numbers 12 and 12A, a few houndred metres apart. 12A is next to a small path winding back and forth across the border.
     
 
Marker 12A, looking east from inside Campione onto Swiss territory. Marker 12A, close-up.  
     
Marker 12
     
Marker 12 is immediately to the east of the road, and on top of the wall next to the road. The metal sign is clearly visible from the road, but to see the stone one has to ascend the wall. There is a small path east of the marker that leads down to the road and can be used.
     
Marker 12, looking west from Switzerland into Campione. Close-up of the metal post next to marker 12. The background shows Lago di Lugano and the city of Lugano. Marker 12, close-up.
     
Marker 11
     
Marker 11 appears to be the oldest remaining marker of those surveyed, possibly together with marker 10. The border makes a turn here at number 11, which is clearly marked on the top of the stone. The inscription on the Swiss side is "AROG", meaning the municipality of Arogno, an "CAP" on the Italian side means Campione d'Italia.
     
Marker 11 from the Swiss side. Marker 11 from the Campione side. Close-up of the metal post at marker 11.
     
Marker 10
     
Marker 10 is really unusual in that it is not a cut stone of the traditional type, but instead inscribed onto a large rock lying freely in the forrested terrain. The inscription is kept free from vegetation, its color is bright and in good condition, and the marker in general appears to be well maintained.
     
 
Marker 10, looking northeast along the border from marker 11. Campione to the left (west). Marker 10, as seen from within Campione.  
     
 
Marker 10, the inscription clearly visible, Campione to the left, Switzerland to the right. Marker 10, close-up.  
     
Challenge
     

Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of all borderwalkers. Any and all are hereby called upon to complete the borderwalk of Campione d'Italia.

If you decide to go there to document the remaining bordermarkers then please do either of the following;

- send your pictures to mats@enclaves.org, for publication on this website, or
- copy any interesting information on this site, and put up your own site with a complete borderwalk of Campione d'Italia.

Most of the remaining markers should be traditional cut stones, but number 2 seems to be a little extra interesting as it might be cut directly into the cliff in the same manner as number 10 above.